A trip to Guwahati is incomplete without paying a visit to the famed Kamakhya temple. Located on Nilachal hill, the sense of serenity and spirituality attached with Kamakhya temple leaves visitors entranced. A wide staircase, flanked by many shops and hawkers sellingpujaessentials, leads you to the main gate of the sanctum sanctorum.
Kamakhya is a story of pain, insult, aggression, violence and finally peace. According to mythology, Sati, daughter of King Daksha married Lord Shiva against her father's will. After a while, King Daksha organised a yogna(sacrifice) to please all deities and did not invite Shiva or Sati. Sati however decides to attend the yogna, against Shiva's will. On seeing his daughter King Daksha insulted Shiva in front of her. Sati felt guilty for going against her husband’s will and at the very moment jumped into the sacrificial fire. On knowing about his wife's death a resentful lord Shiva reached Daksh's yognaimmediately. Shiva picked up Sati's charred body on his arm and performed thetandava (dance of destruction) around the earth. Lord Vishnu in an attempt to stop Shiva and save the world unleashed his sudarshan chakraand cut Sati's body into 51 pieces. Whichever spot a body part of Sati fell became a place of worship with primordial energy (Shakti) called Shaktipeeths. The area of Kamakhya temple is believed to be the place where Sati yoni(genitals) fell.
Supposedly the Goddess at this temple bleeds once a year in the ashada(around June) month of Hindu calendar. During this time no prayers are performed at the temple and Ambubachi Mela is celebrated to commemorate this event.